Abraham Kurkindolle Allison was born in Jones County, Georgia on December 10, 1814, to Captain James and Sarah Fannin Allison. He worked as a merchant in both Columbus, Georgia, and in Henry County, Alabama after he graduated from school.

Allison’s political career began in Apalachicola, Florida where he served as the city’s first mayor. He next served in the Florida Territorial Legislature representing Gadsden County. During the Seminole War and was captain of the Franklin Rifles.  Then in 1845, 1847, and 1852, he served in the Florida State House of Representatives. On September 16, 1853, as Speaker of the House, he assumed duties of Governor since both Governor Thomas Brown and Senate President R. J. Floyd were out of state. When James E. Broome was inaugurated, he gave up the office. In 1861, he was a member of the Constitutional Convention. During the Confederacy from 1862 through 1864 in served in the Florida State Senate.

After the death of Governor Milton on April 1, 1865, as the state senate president, he again assumed the office of Governor. On May 19, 1865, he resigned his office and went into hiding the day before Federal troops formally occupied Tallahassee. For several months, he was held at Fort Pulaski after being captured by Union forces on June 19, 1865.

When Allison settled in Quincy, Gadsden County in 1839, he started a law practice. In 1843, he built a Georgian Colonial, that 1889 became the Allison House Inn Bed and Breakfast. He became a county judge in Franklin County and Clerk of the United States Court. After he was released, he returned to Quincy and resumed his law practice.

During the election of 1870, he led a band of armed men to block black voters from the polls until they closed. Two years later, he was convicted of “intimidating Negroes” and was jailed for six months and fined. His actions during the election all but eliminated the Republican majority from Gadsden County.

Governor Abraham K. Allison died in Quincy, Florida on July 8, 1893.

The photographer is unknown and is part of the Florida Photographic Collection.

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